LGBT Rights in Israel
According to the Cato Institute's Human Freedom Index, Israel is ranked 1st out of 19 countries in North Africa and the Middle East for both economic freedom and personal freedom. It's not even close. LGBT rights is one area that sets Israel apart from its neighbours.
1936 - The UK criminalises "carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature" in Mandatory Palestine, with a maximum sentence of 10 years' imprisonment.
1951 - Jordan, having formally annexed the West Bank the previous year, repeals the 1936 Ordinance, legalising same-sex relationships. The prohibition remains in force in Egypt-controlled Gaza and, as of November 2020, the terrorist group Hamas still imposes brutal punishments.
1963 - The Israeli Supreme Court decriminalises sodomy by ruling that the Mandatory law should no longer be enforced.
1988 - The Mandatory law against same-sex relationships is formally repealed.
1992 - Legislation forbids same-sex discrimination in employment. As of November 2020, no other country in the Middle East provides this protection.
1993 - A new law guarantees equality for same-sex soldiers. As of November 2020, no other country in the Middle East provides this right.
1994 - The Supreme Court rules that a same-sex partner is entitled to the same benefits in employment as a spouse. As of November 2020, no other country in the Middle East gives this legal protection to same-sex couples.
2006 - The Supreme Court rules that same-sex marriages conducted abroad must be recognised in Israel. As of November 2020, there is no procedure for civil marriage in Israel.
2014 - The LGBT Military Index ranks Israel 9th in the world for inclusivity. Of its neighbours, Cyprus in 54th place and Lebanon in 65th place are Israel's closest rivals.
2018 - The Supreme Court rules that the names of both same-sex parents must be recorded as parents of a child they have adopted. As of November 2020, no other country in the Middle East allows same-sex adoption.
2020 - The High Court of Justice grants same-sex couples and single men equal rights in surrogacy as opposite-sex couples.